Health Benefits of Little Millets (samelu):-
Good Source of Potent Antioxidants
Millet’s antioxidants such as polyphenols, phenolic compounds, tannins, flavonoids are not directly related to nourishing the body, but play an important role in promoting health by helping in diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cataract, cancer, inflammation and gastrointestinal problems.
Polyphenols are the biggest group of phytochemicals that have been found in plant-based foods and have been linked to various health benefits. They are considered as “life span essential” due to their role in maintaining health throughout end phase of life.
It has been reported that soluble- and insoluble-bound phenolic extracts of several varieties of millet are rich sources of phenolic compounds. They exhibit antioxidant, metal chelating, and reducing powers.
Furthermore, effects of germination, steaming, and roasting on the nutraceutical and antioxidant properties of little millet were investigated. The results showed that the total phenolic, flavonoid, and tannin contents of processed little millet increased to a fair amount, compared to the native sample indicating that processing has beneficial effects on the nutraceutical and antioxidant properties of little millet.
A recent research published in the Proceedings of the Nutrition society, (2017) mentions the millet grains to be richer in polyphenol and antioxidant content compared to millet flour and flakes. The study represents a starting point for the future human studies, which will look at the effect of polyphenol-rich millet products on glycemic response.
Acts as a Nutraceutical
Little millet has received very little attention from plant breeders as a crop source. The millet is a promising food ingredient suitable for large scale utilization as processed products, snacks, baby foods and also play a major role in propagating food security among underdeveloped and developing countries. It stands out to be one of our “indigenous super foods”.
The cases of obesity and diabetes are increasing fast globally. Food containing complex carbohydrates with high fiber and health beneficial phytochemicals has been in demand to combat health issues.
Awareness about the whole grain foods is increasing worldwide because they are rich sources of phytochemicals and dietary fiber.
Phytates, polyphenols and tannins of millet’s foods can contribute to antioxidant activity that play important role in health, aging and metabolic disease. Millets can be termed as “food medicine”.
Helps Combat Diabetes
High carbohydrate diet can increase plasma glucose, leading to insulin resistance. Little millet is a low glycemic index food, which is a good source of slow digesting carbohydrates and dietary fiber. It takes longer for glucose to enter the bloodstream and hence blood sugar levels are stable. This proves to be beneficial for diabetics who have to control rapid rise and decline of glucose in the blood.
Other Benefits of Little Millet
Little millet contains magnesium which can helps improve heart health. Vitamin B3 (niacin) in little millet helps lower cholesterol. Little millet is also a good source of phosphorus which, helps with fat metabolism, body tissue repair and energy production.
Very high in nutrition content Little Millets from Richmillet are superior to rice, wheat, maize or pulses in terms of proteins, minerals and vitamins. Little Millets are filled with calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium and zinc. Like all millets, Little Millets are also gluten-free and has low-GI (Glycemic index) which is why these millets are suitable for people with wheat allergies or gluten intolerance. Little Millets are a natural diet for diabetics and is excellent for people with uncontrollable body weight. Little Millets are anti-constipation and encourages appetite. Known as Nutri cereals Little Millets are a wholesome diet for the whole family.